The education department in the Eastern Cape is currently investigating allegations of mistreatment of children with special needs and deplorable conditions at Ikhwezi Lokusa Special School in Mthatha. The school caters to children aged 6 to 12 with intellectual or physical disabilities who require specialised education. Following a period of protest that commenced on October 27, students have recently resumed attending classes. Allegations include reports of students sleeping on brick beds, lack of running water, poor bathroom conditions, and children being left unattended during caregiver shift changes. Various disability rights organisations and SECTION27 have urged Angie Motshekga, the Minister of Basic Education, to intervene.

By Nombulelo Damba-Hendrik

Tears streamed down Nokhaya Bhudu’s face as she told a room full of people how she had found her disabled son very ill, alone and lying on a bed made of bricks at Ikhwezi Lokusa Special School in Mthatha, Eastern Cape.

Her son had been very sick for three days, and only after she arrived at the school was he taken to hospital where he remained for five weeks to be treated for a serious illness.

Bhudu was among more than a dozen parents who attended a meeting last week to discuss allegations of abuse by staff and the dilapidated state of the school. This followed several days of protests by learners that started on 27 October.

The learners returned to classes this week after negotiations with school governing body members who pleaded with leaders of the protests to return to school to prepare for exams next Monday.

The poor conditions at the school and allegations of abuse by hostel staff were brought to the fore in an exposé by Carte Blanche.

Nothing has changed since learners returned to class. Learners in the hostel, many of whom need a wheelchair to get around, are still sleeping on beds made of bricks and bathing in cold water.

Ikhwezi Lokusa was built by missionaries in 1965. The government took over the management of the school in 2001 and rents the school buildings from the church. The hostel accommodates learners with physical and intellectual disabilities aged between six and 12.

At the meeting last week, Bhudu said that in October 2022 her daughter in Cape Town had phoned to routinely check on her younger brother, only to discover that he had been sick for days.

“The school did not inform me. Luckily, I live in Mthatha, so I rushed here. I found other learners playing outside. The learners told me that my son was sleeping. I found him lying on those brick-slab beds all alone. He had not eaten, and no one bothered to check on him,” she said.

“They gave him two panados, but he told me he could not drink the tablets because he had not eaten anything yet. I went to the shop to get him something to eat and medication. He started vomiting and I had to clean the mess myself. I asked to take my son to hospital, and he was admitted immediately,” she said.

Bhudu said her son was hospitalised for five weeks and could not write his final exams last year. She said she didn’t have a choice but to send her son back to school because there are no other schools nearby for children with special needs.

Another mother made allegations that learners at the school were sexually assaulted.

Several other parents also stood up and complained that the learners, even those who have to be helped to the toilet, are often left to fend for themselves at the hostel, particularly at night.

SECTION 27 and several disability rights organisations wrote to Minister of Basic Education Angie Motshekga on 25 October about the treatment of learners. They believe that the conditions at the school are a risk to the children’s safety and well-being.

Eastern Cape Department of Education spokesperson Malibongwe Mtima said a male care worker at the hostel had been arrested in June for allegedly raping a 16-year-old learner who has severe cerebral palsy.

Mtima said the accused had been denied bail and would remain in jail until his trial which is set for 4 December at the Mthatha Magistrate’s Court.

School governing body (SGB) chairperson Fundile Mazantsana, told GroundUp that the accused drove the learner to his flat in May and raped him, returning the learner to the hostel the following evening.

Mazantsana said the learner informed the deputy principal and the deputy informed the principal. The parents were called, and they decided to report the matter to police and open a case against the “house father”.

Learners say they have been complaining since March, but nothing has changed.

Mazantsana said protesting learners chased staff off the school premises on Friday 27 October, despite his attempt to intervene. He said one of the protests happened at midnight and while he was on his way, he phoned the police to escort him to the school because “it was chaos”.

OR Tambo Disabled People’s Organisation chairperson, Zilindile Hibhane was a learner at Ikhwezi Lokusa in the 1980s. He said learners had also slept on brick beds in those days, but the school was in a far better condition then.

“We never felt like we were sleeping on brick beds, but what I see now is a disgrace. There’s no cover between the thin mattress and the brick bed. This is why children are getting sick,” he said.

The department’s Mtima told GroundUp that a district office submits regular reports to the department. From these reports, the department picked up what was going on at the school and intervened by setting up a task team.

He said the team had visited the school on Friday and spoken to learners and the school principal. He said the principal assured officials that most of the learners’ complaints had been resolved and promised that the rest would be “ironed out” soon.

Mtima said that because the department rents the school’s buildings from the church, it could not make any significant changes to the buildings without permission “due to legal complexities”. He said the department’s lease with the church had expired years ago, but the school had continued paying rent. He said the department is currently in negotiations with the church to have the lease renewed so they can renovate.

In the letter to Minister Motshekga, SECTION27 and the other activists demanded she immediately investigate, put measures in place to ensure the safety and adequate care of learners and set up a monitoring mechanism to make sure there were no further violations of their rights.

Spokesperson for provincial MEC Fundile Gade, Vuyiseka Mboxela referred GroundUp’s questions to the department, confirming that a task team was handling the matter.

National Basic Education Department spokesperson Elijah Mhlanga said the director general is handling the matter and has received a report from the task team after their recent visit to the school. “The report and their findings will be released once it is ready,” he said.

This article is republished from GroundUp under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article on

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